Almost all of the chemical symbols for elements into the regular dining table make sense; you will find a tiny selection, nevertheless, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s name. Following the regular dining table of refused element names a couple of days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right hereвЂ™s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with reasons for them.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a true title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in place of salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its chemical expression, Na, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant product is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, provides it its sign Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂ™ or вЂswordвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by an array of different names in numerous languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements called after places, but copperвЂ™s title is more slight than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which itself originates from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus had been famous hundreds of years ago because of its copper reserves. The title had been fundamentally simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed in to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is believed to derive initially from A indo-european language, most most most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, might be based on the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it might be produced from the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ as a result of CornwallвЂ™s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply produced from the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, discussing the application of antimony compounds as an old eye cosmetic. This term is in turn likely produced by Arabic or Egyptian. Few countries relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its icon.
Tungsten Wolfram that is)
Wolfram ended up being called following the mineral it absolutely was present in, wolframite. It is from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, talking about the total amount of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ notably apt, because itвЂ™s the 7th densest element within the regular dining dining dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to offer вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that cuckold dating sites is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is close to silver, and as a result of this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest towards the Sun. A number of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding into the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is the only person thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation associated with English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading